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Authors: Raluca Dima1, Ioana Lile2, Albinita Cuc¹ Ligia Vaida1
Affiliation: 1University of Oradea, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Dentistry
1Western University “Vasile Goldis” of Arad, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Department of Dentistry
Abstract: Currently, the number of smokers around the world is about 1.1 billion and their number is constantly increasing. Despite the worldwide debates concerning the harmful effects of smoking, the constant prophylactic campaigns have had unsatisfactory results until now. Smoking is dangerous not only for general health but can stand in the way of proper treatment when it comes to orthodontics or dental implants. Our study groups consisted of 172 patients (96 women – 55.82% and 76 males – 44.18%) previously diagnosed with periodontal disease which were divided into two groups: the first group1- nonsmokers and the second group smokers with periodontal disease. Our findings were that there is a correlation between periodontal disease and smoking and the risk increases proportionally with the number of cigarettes per day and the time of practicing the vicious habit.
Keywords: dental sealing, minor lesions, sealants, composite, erosion
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*Correspondence: Ligia Vaida, University of Oradea, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Dentistry, Oradea, Bihor, Str. Piața 1 Decembrie, nr. 10,
Lile Ioana, “Vasile Goldiş” Western University Arad, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Department of Dental Medicine, Arad, Str. Liviu Rebreanu, nr. 86, Romania, Tel. +40-(745)-305221, email: