Journal Info

Title: Jurnal Medical Aradean (Arad Medical Journal)
Abbreviated title: J. Med. Ar.
Publisher: "Vasile Goldis" University Press
Owner: Western University "Vasile Goldis" Arad, Romania
ISSN: 1224-3744
e-ISSN: 2067-7790

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Rank: CNCSIS C (code 292) since 2010

International Database: Index Copernicus Journal Master List Value (2010): 4.66

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Our experience in the treatment of knee flexion contracture in cerebral palsy PDF Print E-mail
Written by Pop A., Fruja D.   
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Article Title: Our experience in the treatment of knee flexion contracture in cerebral palsy
Authors: Alexandru Pop, Dan Fruja
Affiliation: “Vasile Goldis” Western University of Arad, Romania,
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Abstract: Objectives: This study aimed to assess the results of surgical treatment for correcting knee flexion contractures (KFC) in cerebral palsy (CP). Methods: We reviewed 25 patients (15 boys and 10 girls, average age 14.2 years ) after 5.6 years (2-9 years).In all this cases (35 knees) we performed hamstring lengthening combined with posterior knee capsulotomy (30 cases), rectus femoris transfer (2 cases), patellar tendon plication (5 cases) and posterior cruciate ligament release (2 cases). Results: KFC significantly improved from 24 to 14 degrees. Popliteal angle improved from 65 to 46 degrees. The great majority of cases (75%) had a better ambulatory status. Complications included transient sciatic nerve palsy (5 cases), wound dehiscence (4 cases) and recurrent flexion contracture (7 cases). Conclusions: Surgical treatment is only a part of correction procedures in CP. Hamstring lengthening may be sufficient for the correction of KFC but is better to be associated with posterior capsulotomy to prevent recurrences. After operation is necessary a long rehabilitation program in specialized departments.
Keywords: cerebral palsy, child, contracture, gait, knee joint/surgery
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Radulescu Al, Baciu C., Genunchiul , Bucuresti , Edit.Acad.RSR, 1965 , 379-388
Heydarian K.,Akbarnia B.A.,Jabalameli M.,Tabador K. Posterior capsulotomy for the treatment of severe flexion contractures of the knee.J. Pediatr.Orthop. 1984;4:700-4
Dhawlikar S.H., Root L.,Mann R.L. Distal lenghtening of the hamstrings in patients who have cerebral palsy. J.Bone Joint Surg. [Am] 1992;74:1385-91
Woratanarat P.,Dabney K.,Miller F. Knee capsulotomy for fixed knee flexion contracture. Acta Orthop.Traumat.Turc. 2009:43(2):121-127.
*Correspondence: Alexandru Pop, MD, PhD. Depart. of Orthopedics and Traumatology, “Vasile Goldis” Western University of Arad, 10A Triumfului, Arad, Romania, Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it